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Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin

Order Code CH179
Turnaround Time 24 hours
Test Includes

Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin

Specimen Requirements
Specimen Source
Serum, Plasma
Transport Container
(Specimen Container)

SST (Tiger Top)/ Lithium Heparin/ Sodium Heparin/ Ammonia Heparin

Preferred Specimens
Minimum Volume (uL)
.5 mL
Collection Instructions
(Transport Temperature)
Transport Refrigerated (cold packs)
Specimen Stability
Temperature Period
Room temperature Unacceptable
Refrigerated 8 days
Frozen If testing will be delayed more than 8 days, specimens should be frozen at -20°C or colder
Test Details
chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay
Clinical Significance

The Alinity i SHBG assay is to be used as an aid in the diagnosis of androgen disorders. SHBG is a glycoprotein of about 80-100 kDa; it has a high affinity for 17 beta-hydroxysteroid hormones such as testosterone and estradiol. SHBG concentration in plasma is regulated by, amongst other things, androgen/estrogen balance, thyroid hormones, insulin and dietary factors. It is the most important transport protein for estrogens and androgens in peripheral blood. SHBG concentration is a major factor regulating their distribution between the protein-bound and free states. Plasma SHBG concentrations are affected by a number of different diseases, high values being found in hyperthyroidism, hypogonadism, androgen insensitivity and hepatic cirrhosis in men. Low concentrations are found in myxoedema, hyperprolactinaemia and syndromes of excessive androgen activity. Measurement of SHBG is useful in the evaluation of mild disorders of androgen metabolism and enables identification of those women with hirsutism who are more likely to respond to estrogen therapy.

The ratio of testosterone to SHBG is also known as the Free Androgen Index (FAI) or the Free Testosterone Index (FTI). This ratio correlates well with both measured and calculated values of free testosterone and helps to discriminate subjects with excessive androgen activity from normal individuals.

Reference Ranges

11.2 – 78.1 nmol/L

11.7 – 137.2 nmol/L